Observation of suppressed viscosity in the normal state of 3He due to superfluid fluctuations
AbstractEvidence of fluctuations in transport have long been predicted in 3He. They are expected to contribute only within 100μK of Tc and play a vital role in the theoretical modeling of ordering; they encode details about the Fermi liquid parameters, pairing symmetry, and scattering phase shifts. It is expected that they will be of crucial importance for transport probes of the topologically nontrivial features of superfluid 3He under strong confinement.
Subsystem symmetry, spin-glass order, and criticality from random measurements in a two-dimensional Bacon-Shor circuit
Supercooling of the A phase of 3He
Because of the extreme purity, lack of disorder, and complex order parameter, the first-order superfluid 3He Aâ€“B transition is the leading model system for first order transitions in the early universe. Here we report on the path dependence of the supercooling of the A phase over a wide range of pressures below 29.3 bar at nearly zero magnetic field. The A phase can be cooled significantly below the thermodynamic Aâ€“B transition temperature.
Role of conservation laws in the density matrix renormalization group
We explore matrix product state approximations to wave functions which have spontaneously broken symmetries or are critical. We are motivated by the fact that symmetries, and their associated conservation laws, lead to block-sparse matrix product states. Numerical calculations which take advantage of these symmetries run faster and require less memory. However, in symmetry-broken and critical phases the block-sparse ansatz yields less accurate energies. We characterize the role of conservation laws in matrix product states and determine when it is beneficial to make use of them.
Dynamics of spin helices in the one-dimensional XX model
Motivated by cold-atom experiments and a desire to understand far-from-equilibrium quantum transport, we analytically study the dynamics of spin helices in the one-dimensional XX model. We use a Jordan-Wigner transformation to map the spin chain onto a noninteracting Fermi gas with simple equations of motion. The resulting dynamics are nontrivial, however, as the spin-helix initial condition corresponds to a highly nonequilibrium distribution of the fermions. We find a separation of timescales between the in-plane and out-of-plane spin dynamics.
Resonant enhancement of particle emission from a parametrically driven condensate in a one-dimensional lattice
Motivated by recent experiments, we investigate particle emission from a Bose-Einstein condensate in a one-dimensional lattice, where the interaction strength is periodically modulated. The modulated interactions parametrically excite a collective mode, leading to density oscillations. These collective oscillations in turn drive particle emission. This multistep process amplifies the drive, producing larger particle jets. We find that the amplitude dependence of the emission rate has a characteristic threshold behavior, as seen in experiments. Â© 2022 American Physical Society.
Engineered dissipation for quantum information science
Quantum information processing relies on the precise control of non-classical states in the presence of many uncontrolled environmental degrees of freedom. The interactions between the relevant degrees of freedom and the environment are often viewed as detrimental, as they dissipate energy and decohere quantum states. Nonetheless, when controlled, dissipation is an essential tool for manipulating quantum information: dissipation engineering enables quantum measurement, quantum-state preparation and quantum-state stabilization.
Density Matrix Renormalization Group for Continuous Quantum Systems
We introduce a versatile and practical framework for applying matrix product state techniques to continuous quantum systems. We divide space into multiple segments and generate continuous basis functions for the many-body state in each segment. By combining this mapping with existing numerical density matrix renormalization group routines, we show how one can accurately obtain the ground-state wave function, spatial correlations, and spatial entanglement entropy directly in the continuum.
Superfluidity in the one-dimensional Bose-Hubbard model
We study superfluidity in the one-dimensional Bose-Hubbard model using a variational matrix product state technique. We determine the superfluid density as a function of the Hubbard parameters by calculating the energy cost of phase twists in the thermodynamic limit. As the system is critical, correlation functions decay as power laws and the entanglement entropy grows with the bond dimension of our variational state. We relate the resulting scaling laws to the superfluid density.
Rotating Bose gas dynamically entering the lowest Landau level
Motivated by recent experiments, we model the dynamics of a condensed Bose gas in a rotating anisotropic trap, where the equations of motion are analogous to those of charged particles in a magnetic field. As the rotation rate is ramped from zero to the trapping frequency, the condensate stretches along one direction and is squeezed along another, becoming long and thin. When the trap anisotropy is slowly switched off on a particular timescale, the condensate is left in the lowest Landau level.