Density Matrix Renormalization Group for Continuous Quantum Systems
We introduce a versatile and practical framework for applying matrix product state techniques to continuous quantum systems. We divide space into multiple segments and generate continuous basis functions for the many-body state in each segment. By combining this mapping with existing numerical density matrix renormalization group routines, we show how one can accurately obtain the ground-state wave function, spatial correlations, and spatial entanglement entropy directly in the continuum. For a prototypical mesoscopic system of strongly interacting bosons we demonstrate faster convergence than standard grid-based discretization. We illustrate the power of our approach by studying a superfluid-insulator transition in an external potential. We outline how one can directly apply or generalize this technique to a wide variety of experimentally relevant problems across condensed matter physics and quantum field theory. Â© 2022 authors. Published by the American Physical Society.