Remote imprinting of moiré lattices
Two-dimensional moiré materials are formed by overlaying two layered crystals with small differences in orientation or/and lattice constant, where their direct coupling generates moiré potentials. Moiré materials have emerged as a platform for the discovery of new physics and device concepts, but while moiré materials are highly tunable, once formed, moiré lattices cannot be easily altered. Here we demonstrate the electrostatic imprinting of moiré lattices onto a target monolayer semiconductor. The moiré potential—created by a lattice of electrons that is supported by a Mott insulator state in a remote MoSe2/WS2 moiré bilayer—imprints a moiré potential that generates flat bands and correlated insulating states in the target monolayer and can be turned on/off by gate tuning the doping density of the moiré bilayer. Additionally, we studied the interplay between the electrostatic and structural relaxation contributions to moiré imprinting. Our results demonstrate a pathway towards gate control of moiré lattices. © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited 2024. Springer Nature or its licensor (e.g. a society or other partner) holds exclusive rights to this article under a publishing agreement with the author(s) or other rightsholder(s); author self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of this article is solely governed by the terms of such publishing agreement and applicable law.