Synthesis science of SrRuO3 and CaRuO3 epitaxial films with high residual resistivity ratios
Epitaxial SrRuO3 and CaRuO3 films were grown under an excess flux of elemental ruthenium in an adsorption-controlled regime by molecular-beam epitaxy (MBE), where the excess volatile RuOx (x = 2 or 3) desorbs from the growth front leaving behind a single-phase film. By growing in this regime, we were able to achieve SrRuO3 and CaRuO3 films with residual resistivity ratios (Ï300 K/Ï4 K) of 76 and 75, respectively. A combined phase stability diagram based on the thermodynamics of MBE (TOMBE) growth, termed a TOMBE diagram, is employed to provide improved guidance for the growth of complex materials by MBE. Â© 2018 Author(s).