Interfacial charge transfer and persistent metallicity of ultrathin SrIrO3/SrRuO3 heterostructures
Interface quantum materials have yielded a plethora of previously unknown phenomena, including unconventional superconductivity, topological phases, and possible Majorana fermions. Typically, such states are detected at the interface between two insulating constituents by electrical transport, but whether either material is conducting, transport techniques become insensitive to interfacial properties. To overcome these limitations, we use angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and molecular beam epitaxy to reveal the electronic structure, charge transfer, doping profile, and carrier effective masses in a layer-by-layer fashion for the interface between the Dirac nodal-line semimetal SrIrO3 and the correlated metallic Weyl ferromagnet SrRuO3. We find that electrons are transferred from the SrIrO3 to SrRuO3, with an estimated screening length of Î» = 3.2 Â± 0.1 Ã…. In addition, we find that metallicity is preserved even down to a single SrIrO3 layer, where the dimensionality-driven metal-insulator transition typically observed in SrIrO3 is avoided because of strong hybridization of the Ir and Ru t2g states. Â© 2022 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC).