Thorne Group Research and Education

Department of Physics

Laboratory of Atomic and Solid State Physics

Cornell UniversityIthaca, NY • 14853

ret6@cornell.edu • (607)255-6487

Charge Density Wave Conductors

Introduction to CDW conductors

Charge-Density-Wave Conductors. R. E. Thorne, Physics Today, May 1996, p. 42.

Collective CDW pinning and finite size effects

Charge Density Wave Transport in Hydrogen-Doped NbSe3. R. E. Thorne, T. L. Adelman, J. McCarten, M. Maher, and A. McDowell, Phys. Rev. B 40, 4205 (1989).

Size Effects and Charge-Density-Wave Pinning in NbSe3. J. McCarten, M. Maher, T. L. Adelman, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2841 (1989).

Size Effects and Charge-Density-Wave Pinning in Nb{1-x}TixSe3: Evidence for Weak Pinning by a Nonisoelectronic Impurity. D. A. DiCarlo, J. McCarten, T. L. Adelman, M. Maher, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. B 42, 7643 (1990).

Charge-Density-Wave Pinning in NbSe3. R. E. Thorne, J. McCarten, D. A. DiCarlo, T. L. Adelman, and M. P. Maher, Synth. Met. 43, 3935 (1991).

Charge-Density-Wave Phase Slip and Current Conversion in NbSe3. M. P. Maher, T. L. Adelman, S. Ramakrishna, J. P. McCarten, D. A. DiCarlo, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3084 (1992).

Crossover from 2-dimensional to 1-dimensional collective pinning in NbSe3. E. Slot, H. S. J. van der Zant, K. M. O'Neill and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. B 69, 073105 (2004).

CDW materials growth

Effect of Crystal Growth Conditions on Charge-Density-Wave Pinning in NbSe3. R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. B 45, 5804 (1992).

CDW structure and structural correlations associated with pinning, depinning and sliding

Measurement of the Charge-Density-Wave Correlation Length in NbSe3 by High-Resolution X-Ray Scattering. E. Sweetland, C-Y. Tsai, B. A. Wintner, J. D. Brock, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 3165 (1990).

Structure and Kinetics of the Sliding Q1 CDW in NbSe3. J. D. Brock, D. A. DiCarlo, W. J. Podulka, M. Sutton, E. Sweetland, and R. E. Thorne, J. Phys. IV 3 (C2), 115 (1993).

X-ray-scattering measurements of the transient structure of a driven charge-density wave. E. Sweetland, A. C. Finnefrock, W. J. Podulka, M. Sutton, J. D. Brock, D. DiCarlo, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. B 50, 8157 (1994).

Charge-Density-Wave Structure in NbSe3. D. A. DiCarlo, R. E. Thorne, E. Sweetland, M. Sutton, and J. D. Brock, Phys. Rev. B 50, 8288 (1994).

New Aspect of the Q2 CDW Phase Transition of NbSe3. S. Rouziere, S. Ravy, J. P. Pouget, and R. Thorne, Synth. Met. 70, 1297 (1995).

X-ray Investigation of the Critical q2 Charge Density Wave Fluctuations of NbSe3. S. Rouziere, S. Ravy, J. P. Pouget, and R. E. Thorne, Solid State Commun. 97, 1073 (1996).

Scaling in Charge-Density-Wave Relaxation: Time-Resolved X-Ray Scattering Measurements. K. L. Ringland, A. C. Finnefrock, Y. Li, J. D. Brock, S. G. Lemay, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1923 (1999).

X-ray Investigation of the q1 charge-density-wave modulation in substituted Ti- and Ta-NbSe3. S. Rouziere, S. Ravy, J. P. Pouget, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. B 59, 15121 (1999).

Dynamic Scaling During CDW Relaxation from the Sliding State. J. D. Brock, K. L. Ringland, A. C. Finnefrock, Y. Li, S. G. Lemay and R. E. Thorne, J. Phys. IV 9 Pr10, 17-21 (1999).

Sliding charge-density waves as rough growth fronts. K. L. Ringland, A. C. Finnefrock, Y. Li, J. D. Brock, S. G. Lemay and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. B 61, 4405 (2000).

Observation of Dynamic Coupling Between the Q1 and Q2 Charge-Density Waves in NbSe3. Y. Li, D. Y. Noh, J. H. Price, K. L. Ringland, J. D. Brock, S. G. Lemay, K. Cicak, R. E. Thorne, and M. Sutton, Phys. Rev. B 63, 41103 (2001).

X-ray Intensity Fluctuation Spectroscopy Measurements of the Charge Density Wave Phases in NbSe3. M. Sutton, Y. Li, J. D. Brock and R. E. Thorne, J. Phys. IV 12, Pr9 3-8 (2002).

Comment on Motional Ordering of a Charge-Density Wave in the Sliding State. R. E. Thorne, J. D. Brock and M. Sutton, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 049703 (2003).

CDW phase slip and single-particle to collective current conversion

Charge-Density-Wave Phase Slip and Current Conversion in NbSe3. M. P. Maher, T. L. Adelman, S. Ramakrishna, J. P. McCarten, D. A. DiCarlo, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3084 (1992).

Charge-Density-Wave Phase Slip in NbSe3. M. P. Maher, S. Ramakrishna, D. A. DiCarlo, T. L. Adelman, V. Ambegaokar, J. D Brock, and R. E. Thorne, J. Phys. IV 3 (C2), 171 (1993).

Field-Induced Charge-Density-Wave Deformations and Phase Slip in NbSe3. D. DiCarlo, E. Sweetland, M. Sutton, J. D. Brock, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 845 (1993).

Comment on `Distribution of Phase Slip in Charge-Density-Wave Conduction in NbSe3. M. P. Maher, S. Ramakrishna, R. E. Thorne, and V. Ambegaokar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3915 (1994).

Charge-Density-Wave Phase Slip and Contact Effects in NbSe3. M. P. Maher, T. L. Adelman, D. A. DiCarlo, J. P. McCarten, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. B 52, 13850 (1995).

Phase Slip and the Spatiotemporal Response of Charge-Density Waves in NbSe3. T. L. Adelman, M. C. de Lind van Wijngaarden, S. V. Zaitsev-Zotov, D. DiCarlo, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. B 52, R5483 (1995).

Spatially-Resolved Studies of Charge-Density-Wave Deformations and Phase Slip in NbSe3. T. L. Adelman, D. A. DiCarlo, M. C. de Lind van Wijngaarden, M. P. Maher, J. D. Brock, and R. E. Thorne, in Physics and Chemistry of Low-Dimensional Inorganic Conductors, edited by C. Schlenker, J. Dumas, M. Greenblatt, and S. van Smaalen (Plenum, New York, 1996), p. 453.

Phase Slip, Deformations, and Dynamics of Charge-Density Waves in NbSe3. T. L. Adelman, M. C. de Lind van Wijngaarden, S. V. Zaitsev-Zotov, D. DiCarlo, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1833 (1996).

Frequency Locking and Nonlocal Transport in Charge-Density-Wave Conductors. S. G. Lemay, R. E. Thorne, M. C. Saint-Lager, and P. Monceau, Phys. Rev. B 54, 16341 (1996).

Spatial Distribution of Charge-Density-Wave Phase Slip in NbSe3. S. G. Lemay, M. C. de Lind van Wijngaarden, T. L. Adelman, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. B 57, 12781 (1998).

Spatially-Resolved Studies of Charge-Density-Wave Phase Slip and Dynamics in NbSe3. S. G. Lemay, T. L. Adelman, S. V. Zaitsev-Zotov, and R. E. Thorne, J. Phys. IV9(P10), 140 (1999).

Electric-Field Distribution Near Current Contacts of Anisotropic Materials. E. Slot, H. S. J. van der Zant and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. B 65, art. no. 033403 (2002).

CDW shear plasticity and 1/f noise generation

Phase Slip and the Origin of Broad-Band Noise in NbSe3. M. P. Maher, T. L. Adelman, J. McCarten, D. DiCarlo, and R. E. Thorne, Synth. Met. 43, 4031 (1991).

Size Effects, Phase Slip, and the Origin of f& Noise in NbSe3. M. P. Maher, T. L. Adelman, J. McCarten, D. A. DiCarlo, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. B 43, 9968 (1991).

Imaging Shear in Sliding Charge-Density Waves by X-ray Diffraction Topography. Y. Li, S. G. Lemay, J. H. Price, K. Cicak, K. O'Neill, K. Ringland, K. D. Finkelstein, J. D. Brock, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 3514 (1999).

Imaging Field-Dependent Structure in Charge-Density Waves by X-Ray Diffraction Topography. Y. Li, S. G. Lemay, J. H. Price, K. Cicak, K. O'Neill, K. Ringland, K. D. Finkelstein, J. D. Brock, and R. E. Thorne, J. Phys. IV9(P10), 151 (1999).

Measurement of the shear strength of a charge density wave. K. O'Neill, K. Cicak and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 066601 (2004).

Transverse correlations and plasticity in the CDW conductor NbSe3 studied by X-ray microbeam diffraction. A. F. Isakovic, P. G. Evans, Z. Cai, B. Lai, J. Kmetko, K. Cicak and R. E. Thorne, J. Phys. IV 131, 139-142 (2005).

Shear modulus and plasticity of a driven charge density wave. A. F. Isakovic, P. G. Evans, J. Kmetko, K. Cicak, Z. Cai, B. Lai and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 046401 (2006).

CDW sliding and collective dynamics

Charge-Density Wave Transport in Quasi-One-Dimensional Conductors: I. Current Oscillations. R.E. Thorne, W.G. Lyons, J.W. Lyding, J.R. Tucker, and John Bardeen, Phys. Rev. B 35, 6348 (1987).

Charge-Density Wave Transport in Quasi-One-Dimensional Conductors II. AC-DC Interference Phenomena. R.E. Thorne, W.G. Lyons, J.W. Lyding, J.R. Tucker, and John Bardeen, Phys. Rev. B 35, 6360 (1987).

AC-DC Interference, Complete Mode Locking, and Origin of Coherent Oscillations in Sliding Charge-Density-Wave Systems. R. E. Thorne, J. S. Hubacek, W. G. Lyons, J. W. Lyding, and J. R. Tucker, Phys. Rev. B 37, 10055 (1988).

Thermal Fluctuations and Charge-Density-Wave Depinning in NbSe3: Evidence for Phase Creep. J. McCarten, M. Maher, T. L. Adelman, D. A. DiCarlo, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. B 43, 6800 (1991).

Narrow-band-noise generation in charge-density-wave compounds. D. DiCarlo, J. McCarten, T. L. Adelman, M. P. Maher, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. B 49, 14722 (1994).

Dimensionality Dependence of Mode-Locking Dynamics in Charge-Density-Wave Transport. J. McCarten, D. A. DiCarlo, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. B 49, 10113 (1994).

Observation of Spatio-Temporal Correlations in Charge-Density-Wave Dynamics. S. G. Lemay, K. Cicak, K. O'Neill and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. B 64, 205106 (2001).

A history of the I-V characteristic of CDW conductors. R. E. Thorne, J. Phys. IV 131, 89-94 (2005).

Nb93 NMR spin echo spectroscopy in single crystal NbSe3. S. Suh, W. G. Clark, P. Monceau, R. E. Thorne and S. E. Brown, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 136407 (2008).

Low-temperature CDW dynamics: switching and temporally ordered collective creep

Low-Temperature Charge-Density-Wave Dynamics and Switching in NbSe3. T. L. Adelman, J. McCarten, M. P. Maher, D. A. DiCarlo, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. B 47, 4033 (1993).

Temporally-Ordered Collective Creep and Dynamic Transition in the Charge-Density-Wave Conductor NbSe3. S. G. Lemay, R. E. Thorne, Y. Li, and J. D. Brock, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2793 (1999).

Temporally-Ordered Collective Creep in NbSe3: A New Window on Low-Temperature Charge-Density-Wave Dynamics. S. G. Lemay and R. E. Thorne, J. Phys.IV 9, Pr10-57 (1999).

Spatially-Resolved Study of Charge-Density-Wave Strain in NbSe3: Evidence for a Finite Threshold for Creep. S. G. Lemay, K. O'Neill, C. Cicak and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. B 63, 81102 (2001).

Temporally-Ordered CDW Creep in Pure and Doped NbSe3. K. Cicak, K. O'Neill and R. E. Thorne, J. Phys. IV 12 Pr9, 315-316 (2002).

Mysteries in the Collective Response of Density Waves at Low Temperatures. R. E. Thorne, K. Cicak, K. O'Neill and S. G. Lemay, J. Phys. IV 12 Pr9, 291-296 (2002).

Field effect and microfabricated CDW devices

Field-Effect Modulation of Charge-Density-Wave Transport in NbSe3 and TaS3. T. L. Adelman, S. V. Zaitsev-Zotov, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5264 (1995).

Fabricated Structures For Studying Mesoscopic Physics of Charge Density Waves. K. O'Neill, E. Slot, H. van der Zant, K. Cicak and R. E. Thorne, J. Phys. IV 12 Pr9, 185-6 (2002).

Tunneling spectroscopy in the charge-density wave conductor NbSe3. E. Slot, K. O'Neill, H. S. J. van der Zant and R. E. Thorne, J. Phys. IV 114, 135-136 (2004).

Electrical transport through constrictions in the charge-density wave conductor NbSe3. K. O'Neill, E. Slot, R. Thorne and H. van der Zant, J. Phys. IV 131, 221-222 (2005).

In-chain tunneling through charge-density-wave nanoconstrictions and break junctions. K. O'Neill, E. Slot, R. E. Thorne and H. S. J. van der Zant, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 096402 (2006).

End-current injection contacts for anisotropic materials: Fabrication and application to the quasi-one-dimensional conductor NbSe3. A. F. Isakovic, K. Cicak, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. B 77, (2008).

Electronic structure of CDW materials

High-Temperature Symmetry Breaking in the Electronic Band Structure of the Quasi-One-Dimensional Solid NbSe3. J. Schafer, E. Rotenberg, S. D. Kevan, R. Claessen, and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 196403 (2001).

Peierls Fluctuations in the Electron System of a Quasi-One-Dimensional Solid. J. Schafer, R. Claessen, E. Rotenberg, S. D. Kevan, P. Blaha, and R. E. Thorne, Surf. Rev. Lett. 9, 1029-1033 (2002).

Electronic Precursor States of the Charge Density Wave in NbSe3. J. Schafer, E. Rotenberg, S. D. Kevan, P. Blaha, R. Claessen and R. E. Thorne, Physica B 312, 650-652 (2002).

Order Parameter Phase in CDWs and Superconductors: A Comparison. K. Cicak, K. O'Neill and R. E. Thorne, J. Phys IV 12 Pr9, 392-393 (2002).

Unusual Spectral Behavior of Charge-Density Waves with Imperfect Nesting in a Quasi-One-Dimensional Metal. J. Schafer, M. Sing, R. Claessen, Eli Rotenberg, X. J. Zhou, R. E. Thorne, and S. D. Kevan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 066401 (2003).

Optical investigation of the charge-density-wave phase transitions in NbSe3. A. Perucchi, L. Degiorgi and R. E. Thorne, Phys. Rev. B 69, 195114 (2004).